Thomas M.S. Wolever
Thomas M.S. Wolever DM, PhD
Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences

Contact Info

T. (416) 978-5556
F. (416) 978-5882

Location

FitzGerald Building, Room 434
150 College Street
Toronto
ON, M5S 3E2

Accepting

Not accepting new students

Degree/Qualifications

DM, Medicine: Oxford University, England, 1993
PhD, Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, 1986
MA, Physiology: Oxford University, England, 1980
BM, BCh: Oxford University Clinical Medical School, England, 1980
MSc, Physiology: University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford, England, 1978
BA, Physiology: Corpus Christi College, Oxford University, England, 1976

Research/Teaching

Research Synopsis:

My major research interest has been to understand the physiological effects of dietary carbohydrates (sugars, starch and dietary fiber) on glucose and lipid metabolism and energy balance in humans, and to translate the knowledge gained into practical/clinical use.  However, I will be retiring in 2019 and have no plans to start any new research projects at the University.

Publications and Awards

Recent Publications

First-authored reviews and research not involving graduate students:

Fernandes J, Vogt J, Wolever TMS.  Inulin increases short-term markers for colonic fermentation similarly in healthy and hyperinsulinaemic subjects.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2011; 65: 1279-86. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21712835

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Tosh SM, Duss R.  Bioactive oat β-glucan reduces LDL cholesterol in Caucasians and non-Caucasians.  Nutr J 2011; 10: 130.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22118569

Wolever TMS, Gibbs AL, Chiasson J-L, Connelly PW, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA.  Altering source or amount of dietary carbohydrate has acute and chronic effects on postprandial glucose and triglycerides in type 2 diabetes: Canadian trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes (CCD).  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2013; 23: 227-34. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22397878

Fernandes J, Vogt J, Wolever TMS.  Intravenous acetate elicits a greater free fatty acid rebound in normal than hyperinsulinaemic humans.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2012; 66: 1029-34. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22828730

Wolever TMS.  Is glycaemic index (GI) a valid measure of carbohydrate quality?  Eur J Clin Nutr 2013; 67: 522-31.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23403873

Wolever TMS.  Glycemic index claims on food labels: review of Health Canada's evaluation.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2013; 67: 1229-33.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24105325

Fernandes J, Vogt J, Wolever TMS.  Kinetic model of acetate metabolism in healthy and hyperinsulinaemic humans.  Eur J Clin Nutr 2014; 68: 1067-71.
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25052228

Whitehead A, Beck EJ, Tosh S, Wolever TMS.  Cholesterol-lowering effects of oat β-glucan: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Am J Clin Nutr 2014; 100: 1413-21.
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25411276

Wolever TMS, Sievenpiper JL.  Revised food labeling in North America: the blind leading the blind?  Eur J Clin Nutr 2014; 68: 1275-76.
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25468823

Wolever TMS, Giddens JL, Sievenpiper JL.  Effect of ethnicity on glycaemic index: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Nutr Diab 2015; 5: e170; doi:10.1038/nutd.2015.21.
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26168085

Wolever TMS.  Personalized nutrition by prediction of glycemic responses: Fact of Fantasy?  Eur J Clin Nutr 2016; in press.

Graduate Student Research:

Grant SM, Wolever TMS, O'Connor DL, Nisenbaum R, Josse JG.  Effect of a low glycaemic index diet on blood glucose in women with gestational hyperglycaemia.  Diab Res Clin Prac 2011; 91: 15-22.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21094553

Wolever TMS, Mullan YM.  Sugars and fat have different effects on postprandial glucose responses in normal and type 1 diabetic subjects.  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2011; 21: 719-25. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21330118

Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS.  Are the glycemic and insulinemic index values of carbohydrate foods similar in healthy control, hyperinsulinemic and type 2 diabetic patients? Eur J Clin Nutr 2011; 65: 727-34.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21427735

Kinnear T, Wolever TMS, Murphy AM, Sullivan JA, Liu Q, Bizimungu B.  Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones.  Food & Function 2011: 2: 438-44. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21761065

Grant SM, Wolever TMS.  Perceived barriers to application of glycemic index: valid concerns or lost in translation?   Nutrients 2011; 3: 330-40. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22254100

Kochan AM, Wolever TMS, Chetty VT, Anand SS, Gerstein HC, Sharma AM.  Glycemic index predicts individual glucose responses after self-selected breakfasts in free-living abdominally obese adults.  J Nutr 2012; 142: 27-32. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22090469

Southgate KM, Wolever TMS.  Integrating the glycemic index into clinical practice: written education materials and perceptions of utility.  Can J Diabetes 2012;36:54-7.

Aldughpassi A, Abdel-Aal el-SM, Wolever TMS. Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index.  J Nutr 2012; 142: 1666-71. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22833662

Kwong MGY, Wolever TMS, Brummer Y, Tosh SM.  Attenuation of glycemic responses by oat ß-glucan solutions and viscoelastic gels is dependent on molecular weight distribution.  Food  Funct 2013; 4: 401-8.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23187607

Tran S, Wolever TMS, Errett LE, Ahn H, Mazer D, Keith M.  Preoperative carbohydrate loading in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass or spinal surgery.  Anesth Analg 2013; 117: 305-13.
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23757474

Kwong MGY, Wolever TMS, Brummer Y, Tosh SM.  Increasing the viscosity of oat β-glucan beverages by reducing solution volume does not reduce glycaemic responses.  Brit J Nutr 2013; 110: 1465-71.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23789885

Fernandes J, Wang A, Su W, Rozenbloom SR, Taibi A, Comelli EM, Wolever TMS.  Age, dietary fiber, breath methane and fecal short chain fatty acids are interrelated in Archaea-positive humans.  J Nutr 2013; 143: 1269-75. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.170894. 
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23739307

Rahat-Rozenbloom S, Fernandes J, Gloor G, Wolever TMS.  Evidence for greater production of colonic short chain fatty acids in overweight than lean humans.  Int J Obesity 2014; 38: 1525-31.
Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24642959

Fernandes J, Su W, Rahat-Rozenbloom S, Wolever TMS, Comelli E.  Adiposity, gut microbiota and faecal short chain fatty acids are linked in adult humans.  Nutrition & Diabetes 2014;4:e121; doi:10.1038/nutrd.2014.23.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24979150

Lewis EJ, Radonic PW, Wolever TMS, Wells GD.  21 days of mammalian omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves aspects of neuromuscular function and performance in male athletes compared to olive oil placebo.  J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2015;12:28. doi: 10.1186/s12970-015-0089-4.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26085822

 

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