Profile

 

Thomas M.S. Wolever D.M., Ph.D.
Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto

Ph: 416.978.5556
Fax: 416.978.5882
thomas.wolever@utoronto.ca




Primary Affiliations:

  • Professor, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto
  • Active Medical Staff, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism,
    Department of Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

Other Affiliations:

  • Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Member, Keenan Research Center of Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Cannada
  • Consulting Physician, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto
  • President, Glycemic Index Laboratories, Inc., Toronto.

Education/Degrees:

  • BA, Physiology: Corpus Christi College, Oxford University, England, 1976.
  • MSc, Physiology: University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford, England, 1978.
  • BM, BCh: Oxford University Clinical Medical School, England, 1980.
  • MA, Physiology: Oxford University, England, 1980.
  • PhD, Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, 1986.
  • DM, Medicine: Oxford University, England, 1993.

Research:

  • My major research interest is to understand the physiological effects of dietary carbohydrates (sugars, starch and dietary fiber) on glucose and lipid metabolism and energy balance in humans, and to translate the knowledge gained into practical/clinical use. My major goal is to improve the quality of the evidence available upon which nutrition recommendations are based, particularly for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Recent publications:

    Multi-centre trials not involving graduate students:



  • Wolever TMS, Brand-Miller JC, Abernethy J, Astrup A, Atkinson F, Axelsen M, Björck I, Brighenti F, Brown R, Brynes A, Casiraghi MC, Cazaubiel M, Dahlqvist L, Delport E, Denyer GS, Erba D, Frost G, Granfeldt Y, Hampton S, Hart VA, Hätönen KA, Henry CJ, Hertzler S, Hull S, Jerling J, Johnston KL, Lightowler H, Mann N, Morgan L, Panlasigui LN, Pelkman C, Perry T, FH Pfeiffer AFH, Pieters M, Ramdath DD, Ramsingh RT, Robert SD, Robinson C, Sarkkinen E, Scazzina F, DCD Sison, Sloth B, Staniforth J, Tapola N, Valsta LM, Verkooijen I, Weickert MO, Weseler AR, Wilkie P, Zhang J.  Measuring the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study.  Am J Clin Nutr 2008;87(suppl):S247-S57. Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18175765.

  • Wolever TMS, Mehling C, Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Maheux P, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Rodger NW, Ryan EA.  Low glycaemic index diet and disposition index in type 2 diabetes (the Canadian trial of Carbohydrates in Diabetes): a randomized controlled trial.  Diabetologia 2008;51:1607-15. Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18648764.

  • Wolever TMS, Tosh SM, Gibbs AL, Brand-Miller J, Duncan AM, Hart V, Lamarche B, Thomson BA, Duss R, Wood PJ.  Physicochemical properties of oat β-glucan influence its ability to reduce serum LDL cholesterol in humans: a randomized clinical trial.  Am J Clin Nutr 2010;92:723-32.
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20660224.

    Graduate Student Research:

  • Aldughpassi A, Wolever TMS.  Effect of coffee/tea on the glycaemic index of foods: no effect on mean but reduced variability.  Brit J Nutr 2009;101:1282-85.
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19434800.

  • Freeland KR, Wilson C, Wolever TMS. Adaptation of colonic fermentation and glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion with increased wheat fibre intake for 1 year in hyperinsulinaemic human subjects.  Brit J Nutr 2010;103:82-90.
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19664300.

  • Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS.  The hypoglycemic effect of fat and protein is not attenuated by insulin resistance.  Am J Clin Nutr 2010;91:98-105.
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19923374.

  • Lan-Pidhainy X, Wolever TMS.  Are the glycemic and insulinemic index values of carbohydrate foods similar in healthy control, hyperinsulinemic and type 2 diabetic patients? Eur J Clin Nutr advance online publication, 23 March 2011; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2011.28.
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21427735.

  • Tarini J, Wolever TMS. The fermentable fibre inulin increases postprandial serum short-chain fatty acids and reduces free-fatty acids and ghrelin in healthy subjects.  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2010;35:9-16. 
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20130660.

  • Grant SM, Wolever TMS, O'Connor DL, Nisenbaum R, Josse JG.  Effect of a low glycaemic index diet on blood glucose in women with gestational hyperglycaemia. Diab Res Clin Prac 2011;91:15-22. Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21094553.

  • Grant SM, Wolever TMS.  Perceived barriers to application of glycemic index: valid concerns or lost in translation? Nutrients 2011;3:330-340; doi:10.3390/nu3030330.
    URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/3/3/330/pdf.

  • Kinnear T, Wolever TMS, Murphy AM, Sullivan JA, Liu Q, Bizimungu B.  Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones. Food & Function 2011 published on line before print; doi:10.1039/c1fo10042d.  Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21761065.

  • Wolever TMS, Mullan YM.  Sugars and fat have different effects on postprandial glucose responses in normal and type 1 diabetic subjects.  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2011 published on line ahead of print: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2010.12.005.
    Abstract URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21330118.




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Address

Faculty of Medicine
University of Toronto
FitzGerald Building, Room 434
150 College Street
Toronto, ON
M5S 3E2