Precision Nutrition Using -Omics Approaches
Precision nutrition evaluates one's DNA, microbiome, and metabolic response to specific foods or dietary patterns to determine the most effective eating plan to prevent or treat disease. Members of the Department are using a combination of precision nutrition approaches, application of high-throughput "omics" technology, and systems biology and bioinformatics tools to understand how nutrients interact with the flow of genetic information to impact various health outcomes. Examples of research activities in this area include (but are not limited to):
- understanding how human genetic variation can explain why some individuals respond differently than others to the same foods, beverages or supplements consumed;
- examining the influence of diet, genetics, metabolomics, proteomics and biomarkers of chronic disease risk;
- identifying gene-diet interactions in Canada's Indigenous populations;
- developing and testing consumer apps to provide personalized assessments of nutrient intakes; and
- lipidomics (e.g., measurement of brain lipids).